When asked to define the ideal leader, many would emphasize traits such as intelligence, toughness, determination, and visionthe qualities traditionally associated with leadership. Often left off the list are softer, more personal qualitiesbut they are also essential. Although a certain degree of analytical and technical skill is a minimum requirement for success, studies indicate that emotional intelligence may be the key attribute that distinguishes outstanding performers from those who are merely adequate. Psychologist and author Daniel Goleman first brought the term "emotional intelligence" to a wide audience with his 1995 book of the same name, and Goleman first applied the concept to business with a 1998 classic Harvard Business Review article. In his research at nearly 200 large, global companies, Goleman found that truly effective leaders are distinguished by a high degree of emotional intelligence. Without it, a person can have first-class training, an incisive mind, and an endless supply of good ideas, but he or she still won't be a great leader. The chief components of emotional intelligenceself-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy, and social skillcan sound unbusinesslike, but Goleman found direct ties between emotional intelligence and measurable business results.
As established markets become less profitable, companies increasingly need to find ways to create and capture new markets. Despite much investment and commitment, most firms struggle to do this. What, exactly, is getting in their way? The authors of the best-selling book Blue Ocean Strategy have spent over a decade exploring that question. They have seen that the trouble lies in managers' mental modelsingrained assumptions and theories about the way the world works. Though these models may work perfectly well in mature markets, they undermine executives' attempts to discover uncontested new spaces with ample potential (blue oceans) and keep companies firmly anchored in existing spaces where competition is bloody (red oceans). This article describes how to break free of these red ocean traps. To do that, managers need to: (1) Focus on attracting new customers, not pleasing current customers; (2) Worry less about segmentation and more about what different segments have in common; (3) Understand that market creation is not synonymous with either technological innovation or creative destruction; and (4) Stop focusing on premium versus low-cost strategies.
Is there any other business process that consumes as much time and as many resources, damages as many relationships, generates as much ridicule and delivers as little value as the performance review?
A common complaint heard in today's business office is, There is paper everywhere but I cannot find the document that I'm looking for! It is estimated that 90 percent of all data and information currently being processed and distributed within offices and between organizations resides on paper. Finding the physical space to store this paper can be a key problem. To overcome this problem and others, there is a need for a dramatic new approach to information processing found in business. Such an approach is found in this unique and useful volume. Essentially, image processing systems in business use today's computer technology to solve paper processing and storage problems. Their main means of processing is performed electronically, that is, documents are captured initially on an electronic medium and forwarded to other users in the same mode. In this manner, their essential means of communicating with users is in an electronic format versus a paper one. Also, image processing systems in business are much more flexible in meeting changing user needs, especially when the data is stored on optical disk.
International Review of Cytology presents current advances and comprehensive reviews in cell biology - both plant and animal. Authored by some of the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for future research. Articles in this volume include LEM-domain Proteins: New Insights into lamin-interacting Proteins; New Insights into Membrane Trafficking and Protein Sorting; Structure and Function of the Atypical Orphan Nuclear Receptor; Zebrafish Gastrulation: Cell Movements, Signals and Mechanisms; Calcium Dynamics: Spatio-tempral Organization from the Subcellular to the Organ Level; New Technologies Used in the Study of Human Melanoma.
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